Transforaminal lumbar epidural steroid injection side effects

Kenalog in blood - Derby et al. "Size and aggregation of corticosteroids used for epidural injections"

  • Depo-Medrol also formed large aggregations in the study by Tiso et al [6]
  • Celestone Soluspan formed large aggregations only in the Derby et al study  [7 ]
  • It is speculated that these large aggregates occlude smaller vessels, and thus lead to infarction .
  • Injection of methylprednisolone vs dexamethasone vs prednisolone into the vertebral artery of pigs – see summary of study here

    In many cases, vertebral fractures can be treated through conservative methods such as bed rest, a back brace or pain medication. However, patients with osteoporosis or whose fractures have caused severe, long-term pain may benefit from a minimally invasive procedure such as vertebroplasty to relieve symptoms. This procedure is also recommended for patients who are too weak to undergo spinal surgery, or have a malignant tumor within the spine that has caused vertebral damage. Vertebroplasty is most effective when performed on fractures that are less than six months old.

    Traditional TLIF requires a large incision that must detach and cut through the nearby muscles in order to reach the spine. This muscle movement and tearing leaves patients susceptible to a higher risk of infection and excessive scar tissue, which can hinder a successful fusion. In contrast, a minimally invasive TLIF at Laser Spine Institute uses a small incision that avoids any disruption of the muscles near the spine, allowing our patients to have a lower risk of infection or complication and a higher postoperative patient satisfaction score.

    The needle is smaller in size than that used during a conventional epidural approach. The procedure is performed with the patient lying on their belly using fluoroscopic (real-time x-ray) guidance, which helps to prevent damage to the nerve root. A radiopaque dye is injected to enhance the fluoroscopic images and to confirm that the needle is properly placed (See Figure 2). This technique allows the glucocorticoid medicine to be placed closer to the irritated nerve root than using conventional interlaminar epidural approach. The exposure to radiation is minimal.

    Transforaminal lumbar epidural steroid injection side effects

    transforaminal lumbar epidural steroid injection side effects

    The needle is smaller in size than that used during a conventional epidural approach. The procedure is performed with the patient lying on their belly using fluoroscopic (real-time x-ray) guidance, which helps to prevent damage to the nerve root. A radiopaque dye is injected to enhance the fluoroscopic images and to confirm that the needle is properly placed (See Figure 2). This technique allows the glucocorticoid medicine to be placed closer to the irritated nerve root than using conventional interlaminar epidural approach. The exposure to radiation is minimal.

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