Sapogeninas esteroidales

steroidal saponins from the plant agave brittoniana with activity against the parasite trichomona vaginalis. the genus agave (agavaceae), includes more than 300 species; around 16 of them show an homogeneous distribution throughout cuba. agave brittoniana (ssp. brachypus), is an endemic subspecies that grows in the central region of the country and its leaves are traditionally used in the treatment of parasitic diseases. the parasite trichomonas vaginalis causes the disease known as trichomoniasis, that infects the genital tract. to test in vitro the plant against trichomona vaginalis, the dried and powdered leaves were extracted three times with ethanol-water (7 : 3) by maceration at room temperature. the solvent was removed under reduced pressure and the extract was suspended in distilled water, defatted with n-hexane, and extracted with water-saturated n-butanol. after solvent removal, a portion of the n-butanol extract was hydrolyzed. after extraction with ethyl acetate the hydrolysis products were compared with authentic sapogenins samples using thin layer chromatography (tlc). most of the sapogenins (yuccagenin and diosgenin) were isolated and their structures were confirmed. using nuclear magnetic resonance (nmr) experiments. the n-butanol extract was subjected to a separation process through column chromatography to obtain five fractions. after multiple separation processes by reversed phase high performance liquid chromatography (hplc), the most active one produced one refined fraction that contained two saponins with the same aglycone (diosgenin) and one yuccagenin based saponin. best results of the activity were obtained with the yuccagenin derived glycoside. rev. biol. trop. 56 (4): 16451652. epub 2008 december 12.

Sapogeninas esteroidales

sapogeninas esteroidales

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