Prevalence of steroids in bodybuilding

Anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) were initially created for therapeutic purposes, and synthetic derivatives of the male hormone testosterone. Due its great anabolic effects, these drugs are being used on a large scale, for the improvement of sports performance. In this present study, we aim to show the history of it’ use, present their mechanisms of action, more particularly its use correlate with improved body composition, muscle mass, aerobic capacity and verify their possible side effects, analyzing their use therapeutic and indiscriminate, through direct scientific research with the sports. Sources were reviewed scientific the following search engines: PUBMED, LILACS and SCIELO. The results showed that in presence of a suitable AAS and diet can contribute to increases in body weight, particularly lean body mass and muscle strength gains achieved by high intensity exercise, these effects can be further potentiated, the use of supraphysiological doses, but in the aspect of aerobic power, there are not scientific evidence to support their improvement. Regarding side effects, the use of AAS, is related to several complications in the liver, cardiovascular system, reproductive system and psychological characteristics, always assigned by the non-therapeutic and abuse of AAS. Thus we conclude that the use of AAS, are directly linked to gains muscle mass, strength, as well several side effects, always assigned to abusive and indiscriminate doses, it is noteworthy that the scientific literature, still has a certain lack of studies, mainly randomized, controlled, with supraphysiological doses in human, so many effects are still unknown.

People experiencing adrenal fatigue normally have lower levels of cortisol, which can often make it more difficult to sustain healthy levels of blood sugar.* When blood sugar levels are low ( hypoglycemia ), people often crave sweets.* But eating sugary foods and carbohydrates can raise blood sugar so quickly that the pancreas responds with a flood of insulin.* Chronic over-consumption of sugar and refined carbohydrates, especially in the absence of increased physical activity, may therefore result in greater insulin resistance in the cells.* In this way, adrenal fatigue with concomitant hypoglycemia may create conditions and induce behaviors that can lead to a greater tendency to develop adult onset diabetes.*

Clinical significance of residual stone fragments following stone removal
Cystine stones
Diagnosis and acute management of suspected nephrolithiasis in adults
Evaluation of the adult patient with established nephrolithiasis and treatment if stone composition is unknown
Management of struvite or staghorn calculi
Management of ureteral calculi
Nephrolithiasis during pregnancy
Nephrolithiasis in renal tubular acidosis
Options in the management of renal and ureteral stones in adults
Pathogenesis and clinical manifestations of struvite stones
Prevention of recurrent calcium stones in adults
Renal complications of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy
Risk factors for calcium stones in adults
The first kidney stone and asymptomatic nephrolithiasis in adults
Uric acid nephrolithiasis

Prevalence of steroids in bodybuilding

prevalence of steroids in bodybuilding

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